ARCH+ Contested Modernities: Postkoloniale Architektur und Identitätskonstruktion in Südostasien
As part of Contested Modernities, an issue of ARCH+ Journal of Architecture and Urbanism on Southeast Asian modernism will be published in April 2021.
Idea, concept and guest editors: Moritz Henning, Christian Hiller (ARCH+), Eduard Kögel
Using examples from Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar, and Singapore, this ARCH+ issue focuses on how new national identities were constructed through architecture and urban planning in the course of decolonization. The buildings created during this time of transformation not only illustrate the young nations’ emancipatory aspirations, but also represent important examples of tropical modernism.
A look at global interdependencies, such as West Germany’s development aid and East Germany’s socialist solidarity, provide insight into the geopolitical background of Western involvement in the wider region, including countries such as Vietnam.
Today, the existence of many of these “architectures of independence” is under threat, not only due to rapid urbanization in most Southeast Asian regions, but also each country’s politically driven reassessments of its own (architectural) history. In response, the authors and projects featured in this issue advocate a critical reappraisal of these architectures, along with their preservation and adaptive reuse.
“Architecture and urban planning have always been instrumental in constructing identities. Not only does this apply to the reconstruction of historical buildings and complexes that we are currently witnessing as a manifestation of metapolitical right-wing backlash in Europe, but also to the modernist movement as a whole. The imagination of an idealized past, as well as that of a better future, are per se political. The encounters with Southeast Asian modernisms – understood as an expression of the struggle by the societies in this region for a postcolonial future – remind us of this ideological implication of architecture. Furthermore, these encounters prove once again that modernist architecture was not an exclusively western development, but polyphonic and multilayered, and globally integrated. This insight also highlights the task we still face balancing the tension between universalist aspirations and specific societal contexts. Only then can we call modernity our home.” Anh-Linh Ngo, ARCH+ Editor-in-Chief
ARCH+ is Germany’s leading discursive architectural magazine. Published four times a year, each issue takes a comprehensive approach to a different theme, delving into the cultural and societal contexts underlying the contemporary production of space. By interweaving print and online publications with public events and projects, ARCH+ functions as an independent, engaged platform for architectural criticism.
With contributions by Ben Bansal, Ute Meta Bauer, Sally Below, d-associates, Michael Falser, Gudskul, Moritz Henning, Christian Hiller, Ho Puay Peng, Ho Weng Hin, Hun Sogkana, Eduard Kögel, Lu Ban Hap, Mam Sophana, Andra Matin, Pen Sereypagna, Poum Measbandol, farid rakun, ruangrupa, U Maung Shwe, Giovanna Silva, Darren Soh, U Sun Oo, Setiadi Sopandi, Shirley Surya, Tay Kheng Soon, Vuth Lyno, Wee H. Koon, and Johannes Widodo, among others.